From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kyoto (/ˈkjoʊtoʊ/; Japanese: 京都, Kyōto [kʲoꜜːto] (listen)), officially Kyoto City (京都市, Kyōto-shi, [kʲoːtoꜜɕi] (listen)), is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture in Japan. Located in the Kansai region on the island of Honshu, Kyoto forms a part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area along with Osaka and Kobe. As of 2020, the city had a population of 1.46 million. The city is the cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Kyoto, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 3.8 million people.
Kyoto is one of the oldest municipalities in Japan, having been chosen in 794 as the new seat of Japan’s imperial court by Emperor Kanmu. The original city, named Heian-kyō, was arranged in accordance with traditional Chinese feng shui following the model of the ancient Chinese capital of Chang’an/Luoyang. The emperors of Japan ruled from Kyoto in the following eleven centuries until 1869. It was the scene of several key events of the Muromachi period, Sengoku period, and the Boshin War, such as the Ōnin War, the Honnō-ji Incident, the Kinmon incident and the Battle of Toba–Fushimi. The capital was relocated from Kyoto to Tokyo after the Meiji Restoration. The modern municipality of Kyoto was established in 1889. The city was spared from large-scale destruction during World War II and as a result, its prewar cultural heritage has mostly been preserved.
Kyoto is considered the cultural capital of Japan and is a major tourist destination. It is home to numerous Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines, palaces and gardens, some of which have been designated collectively as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Prominent landmarks include the Kyoto Imperial Palace, Kiyomizu-dera, Kinkaku-ji, Ginkaku-ji, and Kyoto Tower. The internationally renowned video game company Nintendo is based in Kyoto. Kyoto is also a center of higher learning in the country, and its institutions include Kyoto University, the second oldest university in Japan.
L’entrée du palais Ninomaru dans le château de Nijo à Kyoto Le château de Nijo a été construit en 1603 à Kyoto à proximité du palais de l’Empereur pour Ieyasu Tokugawa, le premier shogun (gouverneur) de la période Edo (1603-1867). C’était le lieu de résidence du shogun lors de ses séjours à Kyoto. Il comprend deux bâtiments : Honmaru et Ninomaru ainsi que de vastes jardins. Le palais Ninomaru est construit dans le style architectural shoin-zukuri, caractéristique des résidences des militaires. Influencé par le bouddhisme zen, il a été développé durant la période d’Edo.
The building in this photograph is the Kinkaku, or Golden Pavilion, which is the shariden at Rokuonji, the Temple of the Golden Pavilion, in Kyoto, Japan. Same exposure as Image:Kinkaku3402.jpg and Image:Kinkaku3402CB.jpg (see gallery). I retouched the upper left corner to remove some pine needles.
Native bamboo forest, in Arashiyama, Japan. “Now that’s bamboo” 24mm f/7.1 1.3sec @ ISO 100
Shoin of Katsura rikyu, 1660. Kyoto
Ryoan Ji, Kyoto zen garden
Main Gate of the Shimogamo Shrine, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Kinki Region, Japan
Lamps at Heian Jingu. Kyoto, Japan,( December 2005)