có những lãnh đạo được tiếc thương khi nằm xuống(Shinzo Abe/Nhật);có những lãnh đạo là những tên ăn cắp trốn chạy:trường hợp Tích Lan/Sri Lanka/Ceylon..

What we know about the family that ruled Sri Lanka for almost 2 decades

The Rajapaksa family has dominated Sri Lanka politics for most of the past two decades. Now, after large-scale protests over the country’s economic crisis, the president has fled the country and his family members in key government positions have all resigned, marking an end of a dynasty. CNN’s Vedika Sud reports.

Source: CNN

Sri Lanka (UK/sri ˈlæŋkə, ʃriː -/US/- ˈlɑːŋkə/ (listen); Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, romanized: Śrī Laṅkā (IPA: [ʃriː laŋkaː]); Tamil: இலங்கை, romanized: Ilaṅkai (IPA: [ilaŋɡaj])), formerly known as Ceylon and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia. It lies in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the Bay of Bengal, and southeast of the Arabian Sea; it is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. Sri Lanka shares a maritime border with India and the MaldivesSri Jayawardenepura Kotte is its legislative capital, and Colombo is its largest city and financial centre.

Sri Lanka has a population of around 22 million (2020) and is a multinational state, home to diverse cultures, languages, and ethnicities. The Sinhalese are the majority of the nation’s population. The Tamils, who are a large minority group, have also played an influential role in the island’s history. Other long established groups include the Moorsthe Burghersthe Malaysthe Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda.[16]

Sri Lanka’s documented history goes back 3,000 years, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements that dates back at least 125,000 years.[17] The earliest known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, known collectively as the Pāli canon, date to the fourth Buddhist council, which took place in 29 BCE.[18][19] Also called the Teardrop of India, or the Granary of the East, Sri Lanka’s geographic location and deep harbours have made it of great strategic importance, from the earliest days of the ancient Silk Road trade route to today’s so-called maritime Silk Road.[20][21][22] Because its location made it a major trading hub, it was already known to both Far Easterners and Europeans as long ago as the Anuradhapura period (377 BC–1017 AD).

During a period of great political crisis in the Kingdom of Kotte, the Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka and sought to control the island’s maritime trade, with a part of Sri Lanka subsequently becoming a Portuguese possession. After the Sinhalese-Portuguese war, the Dutch and the Kingdom of Kandy took control of those areas. The Dutch possessions were then taken by the British, who later extended their control over the whole island, colonising it from 1815 to 1948. A national movement for political independence arose in the early 20th century, and in 1948, Ceylon became a dominion. The dominion was succeeded by the republic named Sri Lanka in 1972. Sri Lanka’s more recent history was marred by a 26-year civil war, which began in 1983 and ended decisively in 2009, when the Sri Lanka Armed Forces defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.[23]

Sri Lanka is a developing country, ranking 72nd on the Human Development Index. It is the highest-ranked South Asian nation in terms of development and has the second-highest per capita income in South Asia; however, the ongoing economic crisis has resulted in the collapse of the currency, rising inflation, and a humanitarian crisis due to a severe shortage of essentials. It has also led to an eruption of street protests, with citizens successfully demanding that the President and the government step down.[24] The island has had a long history of engagement with modern international groups: it is a founding member of the SAARC and a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the G77, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Sri Lanka is bankrupt and its unprecedented economic crisis is set to last until at least the end of next year, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe told lawmakers in parliament on Tuesday. Wickremesinghe said the island nation’s bailout talks with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) were reliant on finalizing a debt restructuring plan with creditors by August. He said that recent discussions with the IMF sparked hope “but this time the situation is different. In the past, we have held discussions as a developing country.” “We are now participating in the negotiations as a bankrupt country. Therefore, we have to face a more difficult and complicated situation,” he said as he explained a possible roadmap for recovery from Sri Lanka’s worst economic crisis since it gained independence from Britain in 1948. “Due to the state of bankruptcy our country is in, we have to submit a plan on our debt sustainability to them separately. Only when [the IMF] are satisfied with that plan can we reach an agreement.” The island nation’s 22 million people have suffered months of surging inflation and lengthy power cuts after the government ran out of foreign currency to import essential goods. In light of the news, the UK government warned against travel to the island nation, saying it was experiencing “shortages of basic necessities including medicines, cooking gas, fuel and food.” Debts of more than $50 billion With debts of more than $50 billion (€48.5 billion) owed to foreign creditors, Sri Lanka is fast running out of gasoline, medicine and food. Last month, the Sri Lankan government rationed the supply of fuel to essential services such as transport, health and food deliveries in an effort to “conserve the little reserves we have,” the government said. Schools are closed all week, and the government has asked employees not working in essential services to stay home.

Sri Lanka is on the brink of bankruptcy. A country of 22 million people once referred to as a ‘Tropical Island Paradise’ is now in a free fall. It has defaulted on all foreign debts. Its access to international financial markets has been cut off. The rupee has gone into a tailspin, and there’s now spiraling inflation. Cities and towns are submerged in darkness for hours, with no fuel to produce electricity. Cooking gas, medicines, milk powder and other essential commodities are all in short supply. Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa and his entire cabinet have resigned amidst protests and violence in the streets. Can veteran politician Ranil Wickremasinghe who has just taken over as the new prime minister steer the country’s sinking ship to safer shores? And how could a nation slide into disaster and chaos so fast?

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