Dòng sông đào Canal Du Midi xây dựng từ thế kỷ thứ 17 của nước Pháp nối liền Địa Trung Hải và Đại Tây Dương/Canal du Midi

Canal du Midi map
Beziers pont canal.jpg
Canal du Midi
Canal du Midi crossing the river Orb in Béziers
Length240 km (150 mi)[1]
Maximum boat length30 m (98 ft)
Maximum boat beam5.50 m (18.0 ft)
Locks65 (originally 86)
Maximum height above sea level189 m (620 ft)
Minimum height above sea level0 m (0 ft)
Navigation authorityVNF
Former namesCanal royal en Languedoc
Modern nameCanal du Midi
Current ownerState of France
Original ownerPierre-Paul Riquet
Principal engineerPierre-Paul Riquet
Other engineer(s)Marshal Sebastien VaubanLouis Nicolas de ClervilleFrançois Andréossy
Date approved1666
Construction began1667
Date of first use20 May 1681
Date completed15 May 1681
Start pointToulouse
End pointÉtang de Thau
Beginning coordinates43.61102°N 1.41844°E
Ending coordinates43.34003°N 3.53978°E Les Onglous Lighthouse
Branch ofCanal des Deux Mers
Connects toGaronne Lateral CanalLa Nouvelle branchCanal de BrienneHérault, and Étang de Thau
Summit:Seuil de Naurouze
UNESCO World Heritage Site
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, iv, vi
Inscription1996 (20th session)

The Canal du Midi(French pronunciation: ​[kanal dy midi]OccitanCanal de las Doas Mars, meaning canal of the two seas) is a 240 km (150 mi) long canal in Southern France(Frenchle Midi). Originally named the Canal royal en Languedoc(Royal Canal in Languedoc) and renamed by French revolutionariesto Canal du Midiin 1789, the canal was at the time considered one of the greatest construction works of the 17th century.[2]

The canal connects the Garonneto the Étang de Thauon the Mediterraneanand along with the 193 km (120 mi) long Canal de Garonneforms the Canal des Deux Mers, joining the Atlantic to the Mediterranean. The canal runs from the city of Toulousedown to the Étang de Thau near the Mediterranean. 

Strictly speaking, “Canal du Midi”refers to the portion initially constructed from Toulouse to the Mediterranean – the Deux-Mers canal project aimed to link together several sections of navigable waterways to join the Mediterranean and the Atlantic: first the Canal du Midi, then the Garonnewhich was more or less navigable between Toulouse and Bordeaux, then the Garonne Lateral Canalbuilt later, and finally the Gironde estuaryafter Bordeaux.

Jean-Baptiste Colbertauthorized the start of wor

k by royal edict in October, 1666, with the aim of d

eveloping the wheattrade, under the supervision of Pierre-Paul Riquet, and construction lasted from 1666 to 1681, during the reign of Louis XIV. The Canal du Midi is one of the oldest canals of Europe still in operation (the prototype being the Briare Canal). The challenges in these works are closely related to the challenges of inland water transport today. The key challenge, raised by Pierre-Paul Riquet, was to convey water from the Montagne Noire(Black Mountains) to the Seuil de Naurouze, the highest point of the canal.

The Canal du Midi was inscribed as a UNESCOWorld Heritage Sitein 1996.[3]

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