Finland elects the world’s youngest prime minister
Nữ Thủ Tướng Sanna Marin
•December 9, 2019
Finland’s new prime minister will also be the world’s youngest.
34-year-old Sanna Marin was nominated by her Social Democratic party on Sunday (December 8), and will take office in the coming days.
A female prime minster at the head of a coalition government whose four other parties are already led by women.
The country’s new government, consisting of 12 female and 7 male ministers according to media reports, will be nominated on Tuesday (December 10).
She told reporters on Monday that she hadn’t considered her gender or age when running for the top job.
(SOUNDBITE) (Finnish) NEW FINNISH PRIME MINISTER ELECT, SANNA MARIN, SAYING:
(MALE REPORTER ASKING OFF CAMERA: (Finnish): “So, how does it feel to get the keys to the castle and to be running the country at 34 on Tuesday?”)
MARIN: “I will answer the same way I have answered so far; I personally have never thought about my age or my gender but the reasons for which I got into politics and the things that earned us the trust of the Finnish people in the election.”
Marin will take over from Social Democrat Prime Minister Antti Rinne.
Finland’s government resigned last week after the coalition’s Centre Party said it had lost confidence in Rinne over his handling of a postal strike.
The five parties in power decided to stay in coalition, but said there would be a reshuffle.
(SOUNDBITE) (Finnish) NEW FINNISH PRIME MINISTER ELECT, SANNA MARIN, SAYING:
“The past week has been an exceptional one. Now, it is time to look ahead. Today, as we start the work to form a government, all the governing parties are committed to the good program we agreed on together in June. What we need now is not just words but actions from all the governing parties to build trust. Comrades, let us join forces and work together towards building a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable society. Thank you.”
The timing of this change in leadership is awkward for Finland.
Which holds the rotating presidency of the European Union until the end of the year.
Playing a central role in efforts to hammer out a new budget for the bloc.
|Republic of Finland|
Suomen tasavalta (Finnish)Republiken Finland (Swedish)
|Flag Coat of arms|
Vårt land (Swedish)
(English: “Our Land”)
|Show globeShow map of EuropeShow allLocation of Finland (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)|
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]
and largest city
|Official languages||Finnish • Swedish|
|Recognised regional languages||Sámi|
|Religion||Evangelical Lutheran Church|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary republic|
|• President||Sauli Niinistö|
|• Prime Minister||Sanna Marin|
|Independence from Russia|
|• Autonomy||29 March 1809|
|• Declared||6 December 1917|
|• Civil War||Jan–May 1918|
|• Constitution||17 July 1919|
|• Joined the EU||1 January 1995|
|• Total||338,455 km2 (130,678 sq mi) (64th)|
|• Water (%)||9.71 (as of 2015)|
|• May 2020 estimate||5,528,737 (116th)|
|• Density||16/km2 (41.4/sq mi) (213th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
|• Total||$257 billion (60th)|
|• Per capita||$46,559 (24th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
|• Total||$277 billion (43rd)|
|• Per capita||$50,068 (14th)|
|Gini (2019)|| 26.2|
low · 6th
|HDI (2018)|| 0.925|
very high · 12th
|Currency||Euro (€) (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FI|
|The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.|
Finland (Finnish: Suomi [ˈsuo̯mi] (listen); Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪ̌nland] (listen), Finland Swedish: [ˈfinlɑnd]), officially the Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland (listen to all)),[note 1] is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. Finland shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, and Norway to the north and is defined by the Gulf of Bothnia to the west and the Gulf of Finland to the south that are part of the Baltic Sea. Finland has a population of approximately 5.5 million, making it the 25th-most populous country in Europe. With an area of 338,455 square kilometres (130,678 sq mi), Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe, and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. Helsinki, the capital of Finland, is the largest city in the country.
Finland is a parliamentary republic consisting of 19 regions and 310 municipalities. The archipelago of the Åland Islands located southwest of the mainland is the only autonomous region of Finland. The climate in Finland varies due to the country’s relatively vast latitudinal differences; southern Finland is classified as having a humid continental climate with the rest of the country being characterised by a boreal climate. Finland can be considered to have a mainly boreal forest biome. More than 180,000 Finnish lakes have been recorded, which is why Finland is internationally called “the land of a thousand lakes”.
The majority of the population lives in central and southern Finland with over 1.5 million people living in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces a third of the country’s GDP. The main language is Finnish, a Finnic language of the Uralic language family, which is unrelated to the Scandinavian languages. Swedish is the second official language of Finland, and is mainly spoken in certain coastal areas of the country and on Åland.
Finland was first inhabited around the end of the most recent ice age, approximately around 9000 BC. The Comb Ceramic culture introduced pottery in 5200 BC and the Corded Ware culture coincided with the start of agriculture between 3000 and 2500 BC. The Bronze Age and Iron Age were characterised by extensive contacts with other cultures in Fennoscandia and the Baltic region. At the time Finland had three main cultural areas – Southwest Finland, Tavastia and Karelia. From the late 13th century, Finland gradually became an integral part of Sweden as a consequence of the Northern Crusades and the Swedish colonisation of coastal Finland, the legacy of which is reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status.
In 1809, Finland was annexed by the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland, during which Finnish art flourished and the idea of future independence began to take hold. In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russian Empire, tried to russificate Finland and also terminate its political autonomy, but after the 1917 Russian Revolution brought an end to his rule, Finland declared itself independent from the empire. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by the Finnish Civil War, with the Bolshevik-leaning Red Guards, supported by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, fighting against the Whites and their Civil Guards, supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, Finland fought the Soviet Union in the Winter War and the Continuation War, and the Nazi Germany in the Lapland War, with Marshal Mannerheim as the absolute commander-in-chief of the aforementioned wars. After the war, Finland lost part of its territory, but maintained its independence.
Finland largely remained an agrarian country until the 1950s. After World War II, the country rapidly industrialised and developed an advanced economy, while building an extensive welfare state based on the Nordic model, resulting in widespread prosperity and a high per capita income. Finland joined the United Nations in 1955 and adopted an official policy of neutrality. The Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War. Finland joined the OECD in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace in 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, and the Eurozone at its inception in 1999.
Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development. In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index and as the most stable country in the world during 2011–2016 in the Fragile States Index, and second in the Global Gender Gap Report. It also ranked first on the World Happiness Report report for 2018, 2019 and 2020.
Chụp ảnh không áo ngực, Thủ tướng Phần Lan gây ‘bão’ mạng xã hội
Thời sự quốc tế Thứ Tư, 14/10/2020
(VTC News) – Bức ảnh của Thủ tướng Phần Lan Sanna Marin, 34 tuổi, đang gây bão trên mạng xã hội với những ý kiến trái chiều.
Thủ tướng Phần Lan Sanna Marin trở thành tâm điểm của các cuộc tranh cãi khi chụp bức ảnh cho tạp chí thời trang Trendi với chiếc áo khoác có cổ khoét sâu, không mặc áo sơ mi và không mặc áo ngực.
Trang Instagram của tạp chí nhanh chóng tràn ngập những lời chỉ trích gay gắt từ người dùng mạng xã hội, với nhiều ý kiến cho rằng hình ảnh này không phù hợp với vị trí của một Thủ tướng.