Ứng cử viên TT của Đảng Dân Chủ Joe Biden đã từng chống đối thâu nhận người Việt tỵ nan CS sau 30/4/1975

Biden Turned Back on Vietnamese Refugees

Vietnamese Refugees

Egregious memories of then-Senator Joe Biden’s staunch opposition to desegregation and busing still disturb me, but worse was his hostility towards helping Vietnamese war refugees after that war. I spent a lot of time just after the fall of Saigon as a volunteer helping Vietnamese refugees living in a tent city at Camp Pendleton Marine Base, to determine where in the United States they could move to. The State Department, Red Cross, and Airlines were all there to help; I helped because I was asked to do so by an eminent Vietnamese Buddhist in Los Angeles, Dr. Thich Thien-An, and because I spoke French via a French-Vietnamese translator, in order to help those bewildered people. Why? Because no one else would….

Yet Senator Biden, the future vice president, then at the age of 31, fiercely maintained that the U.S. had “no obligation, moral or otherwise, to evacuate foreign nationals,” dismissing concerns for their safety as the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong swept south toward Saigon in 1975. South Vietnam had collapsed at the end of the War in the spring of 1975, President Gerald Ford and his government evacuated thousands of families who had worked with U.S. troops during that infernal war, but the arch Senate spokesman The leading voice in the Senate opposing this rescue effort was Joe Biden.

From a Washington Examiner article 

by Jerry Dunleavy, July 4, 2019:

Hundreds of thousands of South Vietnamese allies were in danger of recriminations from the Communists, but Biden insisted that the United States has no obligation to evacuate one or 100,001  South Vietnamese.”

Republican President Gerald Ford said: The United States has had a long tradition of opening its doors to immigrants of all countries. We’ve always been a humanitarian nation. We felt that a number of these South Vietnamese deserved an opportunity to live in freedom.”

Biden objected and called for a meeting between the president and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to voice his objections to Ford’s funding request for these efforts. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, who led the meeting, told the senators that the total list of the people endangered in Vietnam is over a million  and that the irreducible list is 174,000.”

Vietnamese Refugees

Biden said U.S. allies should not be rescued: We should focus on getting them [the U.S. troops] out. Getting the Vietnamese out and military aid for the GVN [South Vietnam’s government] are totally different.”

Kissinger said there were Vietnamese to whom we have an obligation, but Biden responded: I will vote for any amount for getting the Americans out. I don’t want it mixed with getting the Vietnamese out.”

Ford was upset with Biden’s response, believing that failing to evacuate the South Vietnamese would be a betrayal of American values: We opened our door to the Hungarians. Our tradition is to welcome the oppressed. I don’t think these people should be treated any differently from any other people the Hungarians, Cubans, Jews from the Soviet Union.”

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee recommended that the bill be passed by the full Senate by a vote of 14 to 3. Biden was one of just three senators on the committee who voted nay. The conference report also passed the Senate as a whole by a vote of 46-17, where Biden again voted against it.

Saigon fell on April 30, 1975, and hundreds of thousands of South Vietnamese who did not manage to escape the country were eventually sent to reeducation camps, where they were often abused, tortured, or killed.

Despite Biden’s objections and from other leading Democrats, U.S. military evacuated 130,000+ Vietnamese refugees in the immediate wake of the collapse of South Vietnam, 100,000+ more to be resettled in the U.S.

The Director of the U.S.’s Inter-Agency Task Force on Indochinese Refugee Resettlement in 1975, Julia Taft, told NPR in 2007 about the refugees: They’d worked with us; they’d been translators. They’d been employees. They’d been part of the South Vietnamese army, which was an ally. They should have been helped.”

Despite Biden’s objections and from other leading Democrats, U.S. military evacuated 130,000+ Vietnamese refugees in the immediate wake of the collapse of South Vietnam, 100,000+ more to be resettled in the U.S.

One refugee was Quang Pham, whose 2010 autobiography, A Sense of Duty: Our Journey from Vietnam to America, concerned his escape to the U.S. at the age of 10, in 1975 with his mother and his three sisters (11, 6, and 2). His father, a member of the South Vietnamese military, did not escape with them; he was forced to spend 10 years in a reeducation camp before coming to the U.S. in 1992.

Vietnamese Refugees

Speaking with the Washington Examiner, Pham praised Ford for saving so many Vietnamese refugees, including his family; he criticized Democrats like Biden for trying to keep them out, saying, When we needed help, I remember who helped us and who didn’t. About Joe Biden, Pham said this:

You have to look at foreign policy and humanitarianism. The Vietnam refugee crisis was big in 1975. Even if you were against the war, why wouldn’t you support the refugees? Why wouldn’t you support the families and women and children who were trying to escape? If we get involved in wars, there will be refugees. So we need to think about our moral obligation to non-Americans, especially to our allies.”

Is it fair or even appropriate to judge Biden based on his actions from 1975? Pham replied, “As someone running for President, it’s part of his record, just like everything else.”Tent city at Camp Pendleton

Pham matured in the US, then joined the Marines and served in the 1st Gulf War; he said: “Vietnamese refugees from 1975 had a lot of help from Americans who lived near the refugee camps and from Vietnam vets who felt they had a debt to help us. I’m grateful for that.”

Biden’s position against the Vietnamese diametrically contrasted the one he took 30 years later over Iraqi and Afghan interpreters who had worked with U.S. forces. “We owe these people. We have a debt to these people. They put their lives on the line for the United States,” Tony Blinken, Biden’s foreign policy adviser said in 2012.

And how and why in Joe Biden’s mind were Vietnamese survivors of Lyndon Johnson’s War Against Communism any different back in 1975? Call it “maturing,” “expediency,” or “political evolution,” his anti-Vietnam stance still bothers me, and I conversely appreciate in retrospect Gerald Ford’s insistence that much more.

Stephen Fox

Joe Biden (1942-) became vice president of the United States after spending 36 years as a U.S. senator from Delaware. Democratic nominee Barack Obama selected him as a running mate for the 2008 election, and the pair entered office in January 2009 following their defeat of Arizona Senator John McCain and Alaska Governor Sarah Palin. As a two-term vice president, Biden focused largely on economic and foreign policy issues. In 2019, he announced he was running for president in the 2020 election.  

Joe Biden’s Early Years

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. was born on November 20, 1942, in the blue collar city of Scranton, Pennsylvania. At age 10 he moved with his family to the Wilmington, Delaware, area, where his father found work as a car salesman. The first offour siblings, Biden attended a series of Catholic schools, including the elite preparatory high school Archmere Academy. Though he excelled at sports, Biden received mediocre grades and struggled with a stutter. In 1965 he graduatedfrom the University of Delaware with a double major in history and political science, and three years later he earned a law degree from Syracuse University. Meanwhile, in 1966, Biden married Neilia Hunter, with whom he would have three children.

Did you know? Joe Biden is both the first Catholic and the first Delawarean to serve as vice president of the United States.

Upon finishing law school, Biden returned to the Wilmington area and worked as an attorney for the next four years. In 1970 he won his first election to the New Castle County Council. Then, two years later, at age 29 he pulled off a surprising upset of Republican incumbent J. Caleb Boggs in a race for the U.S. Senate. Tragedy struck, however, before he was sworn in as the fifth-youngest senator in U.S. history. That December, his wife and 13-month-old daughter were killed and his two sons were hospitalized when a tractor-trailer plowed into their station wagon. Rather than move to Washington, D.C., a devastated Biden decided to commute by train every day so that he could spend more time with his sons. Biden remarried in 1977 to schoolteacher Jill Jacobs, with whom he would have one more daughter.

Senator Biden and First Presidential Run

Biden won reelection in 1978 and five times after that. Overall, he spent 36 years in the U.S. Senate, including eight years as chair of the Judiciary Committee and four years as chair of the Foreign Relations Committee. Despite generally supporting civil rights, Biden opposed the forced busing of students to end de facto segregation. Later on, he presided over the contentious confirmation hearings of U.S. Supreme Court nominees Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas. (Bork was ultimately rejected by the Senate while Thomas was narrowly approved.) 

Biden also worked to preserve Delaware’s favorable corporate climate, legislated against domestic violence and crafted an anti-crime bill that provided for 100,000 more cops on the nation’s streets, banned assault weapons and mandated tougher penalties for drug dealers. Known for his foreign policy work, the well-traveled senator purportedly called Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic a war criminal to his face during a 1993 visit to Belgrade. Nearly a decade later, Biden voted to authorize the use of force in Iraq. Nonetheless, he eventually became a critic of the way George W. Bush’s administration handled the conflict.

Having raised a solid amount of campaign cash, Biden launched his first presidential bid in June 1987. On the campaign trail, he took to paraphrasing British Labour politician Neil Kinnock. Although he had appropriately credited Kinnock in prior speeches, he failed to do so during an appearance at the Iowa State Fair and even borrowed facts from Kinnock’s life, stating inaccurately, for example, that he was the first in his family to go to college and that his ancestors were coal miners. Soon after, reports surfaced that Biden had likewise allegedly lifted passages from Robert F. Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey, and he was caught on camera exaggerating his academic credentials. With his candidacy on the defensive, Biden withdrew that September to concentrate on the Bork hearings. He then collapsed the following February from a life-threatening brain aneurysm, underwent two surgeries and took a seven-month leave from the Senate.

Joe Biden as Vice President

Biden kicked off his second attempt at the White House 20 years later, during the 2008 primary, but dropped out after securing only 1 percent of the delegates in the Iowa Democratic caucuses. Despite his penchant for gaffes, Barack Obama tapped him to be his running mate after winning the Democratic nomination. In the November 2008 presidential elections, Obama and Biden bested their Republican opponents, John McCain and Sarah Palin, with 52.9 percent of the popular vote. In 2012 they defeated Republican challenger Mitt Romney and his running mate Paul Ryan. 

After taking office in January 2009 as the 47th vice president of the United States, Biden was charged with overseeing a $787 billion economic stimulus package, running a middle-class task force and reviving an arms reduction treaty with Russia. He also played a strong advisory role with respect to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Biden considered a presidential run in 2016, but ultimately decided against it.

Joe Biden’s 2020 Presidential Run 

On April 25, 2019, Biden released a video announcing his candidacy in the 2020 Democratic presidential primaries. As a popular former vice president, he immediately entered the race with high name recognition, and has sustained front-runner status in national polls. If elected, 77-year-old Biden will be the oldest president ever to take office. 

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