Điêu khắc gia Pháp :Auguste Rodin

tượng “người suy tư :(thinker) ‘của Auguste Rodin(TC đặt là “trứng chọi đá”

Auguste Rodin 

Sculptor (1840–1917)

French sculptor Auguste Rodin is known for creating several iconic works, including “The Age of Bronze,” “The Thinker,” “The Kiss” and “The Burghers of Calais.”

Synopsis

Auguste Rodin, born in Paris on November 12, 1840, was a sculptor whose work had a huge influence on modern art. Unlike many famous artists, Rodin didn’t become widely established until he was in his 40s. Developing his creative talents during his teens, Rodin later worked in the decorative arts for nearly two decades. He eventually sculpted the controversial piece “The Vanquished” (renamed “The Age of Bronze”), exhibited in 1877. Among Rodin’s most lauded works is “The Gates of Hell,” a monument of various sculpted figures that includes “The Thinker” (1880) and “The Kiss” (1882). Rodin didn’t live to finish the intricate piece; he died on November 17, 1917, in Meudon, France.

Early Life

World-renowned sculptor Auguste Rodin was born François-Auguste-René Rodin on November 12, 1840, in Paris, France, to mother Marie Cheffer and father Jean-Baptiste Rodin, a police inspector. Rodin had one sibling, a sister two years his senior, Maria.

Due to poor vision, Rodin was greatly distressed at a young age. Attending the Petite École, he was unable to see figures drawn on the blackboard and, subsequently, struggled to follow complicated lessons in his math and science courses. Unaware of his imperfect eyesight, a dejected Rodin found comfort in drawing—an activity that allowed the youngster to clearly see his progress as he practiced on drawing paper. (He was nearsighted.) Soon, Rodin was drawing frequently, wherever he could, and whatever he saw or imagined.

By age 13, Rodin had developed obvious skills as an artist, and soon began taking formal art courses. While completing his studies, however, the aspiring young artist began to doubt himself, receiving little validation or encouragement from his instructors and fellow students. Four years later, at age 17, Rodin applied to attend the École des Beaux-Arts, a prestigious institution in Paris. He was gravely disappointed when the school denied him admission, with his application rejected twice thereafter.

Penchant for Realism 

Rodin held a career in the decorative arts for some time, working on public monuments as his home city was in the throes of urban renewal. The sculptor also joined a Catholic order for a short time, grieving over the death of his sister in 1862, but he ultimately decided to pursue his art. By the mid-1860s he’d completed what he would later describe as his first major work, “Mask of the Man With the Broken Nose” (1863-64). The piece was rejected twice by the Paris Salon due to the realism of the portrait, which departed from classic notions of beauty and featured the face of a local handyman. 

Rodin later worked under fellow sculptor Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse and took on a major project assigned to him in Brussels, Belgium. A fateful trip to Italy in 1875 with an eye on Michelangelo‘s work further stirred Rodin’s inner artist, enlightening him to new kinds of possibilities; he returned to Paris inspired to design and create. 

Một số tác phẩm của Auguste Rodin

The Kiss 1901-4 Auguste Rodin 1840-1917 Purchased with assistance from the Art Fund and public contributions 1953 http://www.tate.org.uk/art/work/N06228

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